Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
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Capacity Building

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Consultative Workshop on Innovation System Diagnosis and
Strategy Development – Best Practices

28 November 2012
Manila, Philippines

Organized by
Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT) and
Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI), Seoul, Republic of Korea

in cooperation with
Technology Application and Promotion Institute (TAPI), Department of Science &
Technology, Government of the Philippines

Supported by
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India

Brief Report
Co-organizers
Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI), Seoul, Republic of Korea;
Technology Application and Promotion Institute (TAPI), Department of Science & Technology (DOST), Government of the Philippines; and
Filipinnovation, Philippines

Background
Efficient and dynamic national innovation system (NIS) is considered vital for the economic development driven by science, technology and innovation (STI). In developing countries, and more so in the less developed countries, most of the key NIS components and the inter-linkages between them remain weak, thereby reducing the pace of industrial and economic development. In order to establish a strong NIS, it becomes imperative for a country to make a detailed assessment of its STI policies, institutional mechanisms and strategies. In this context, there is a need to enhance countries’ understanding of the relevance, issues and challenges in STI diagnosis and strategy development at sectoral, sub-national and national levels to promote techno-entrepreneurship and enhance competitiveness of small and medium sized entrepreneurs. The national policymakers could also recognize the opportunities to foster Asia-Pacific regional and sub-regional technology innovation systems through developing specific national STI policies and support mechanisms that complement core competencies of the participating countries.

The Consultative Workshop was organized to provide an opportunity to participating member countries in the Technical Committee meeting to provide a platform to understand and learn from each other various national approaches in STI diagnosis and strategy development. The target group of the workshop included: senior STI policymakers and officials from Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam; senior officials from the Department of Science and Technology, Government of the Philippines; and experts from national and sub-national STI promotion agencies of the Philippines.

Objectives

  • Deliberate on the principles of STI policy guidelines, diagnosis and strategy development to promote techno-entrepreneurship and enhance competitiveness of small and medium sized entrepreneurs;
  • Share experiences and best practices of STI policy guidelines, diagnosis and strategy development approaches and identify challenges of the Asia-Pacific countries; and
  • Explore opportunities for developing Asia-Pacific regional and sub-regional technology innovation systems for inclusive and sustainable development.


Major Outputs

The Workshop began with a welcome address by Mr. Edgar Garcia, Director of Technology Application and Promotion Institute (TAPI), Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Government of the Philippines, who acknowledged the participation of several DOST senior officials in the meeting. While underlining the importance of the Workshop, he presented a broad overview of the status of STI policies and institutional mechanisms including the FILIPINNOVATION Network. Addressing the gathering, Mr. A. Dayaratna Silva, Officer-in-Charge, APCTT-ESCAP, gave a brief introduction about the objectives of the Workshop. He noted that the Consultative Workshop would provide an opportunity to the Member Countries to learn from one another’s core competencies in the area of innovation system diagnosis and strategy development. The keynote address was delivered by Mr. Jeong Hyop Lee, Centre for STI Development, Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI), Republic of Korea. Mr. Lee provided an insight into the approaches and methodology of innovation system diagnosis in his two presentations: one on STI policy guidelines, diagnosis and strategy, and the other on holistic diagnosis and STI strategy development.

The first technical session deliberated on the innovation system diagnosis and strategy development from a least developed country perspective. The team of experts from STEPI, Republic of Korea, presented the outcome of APCTT-ESCAP-STEPI diagnosis of Nepal’s NIS that was carried out in 2012. The participants were briefed on how the innovation system diagnosis study could be used for STI strategy development and road-mapping in a country.

The second session focused on STI policy guidelines, diagnosis of technology innovation system and strategy development (sectoral/sub-national/national) in Asia-Pacific countries. APCTT-ESCAP-invited experts from participating member countries presented their latest technology innovation policies and delivery mechanisms in their respective countries. They also shared their national experiences and best practices of STI policy guidelines, diagnosis and strategy development approaches, to strengthen the systems of innovation. The session concluded with a panel discussion focusing on the challenges and opportunities in STI diagnosis and strategy development at sectoral, sub-national and national levels.

See Annex I for the programme and presentations.

Conclusions and Recommendations

  • STI policy coherence between different ministries and departments of the government at the national level is vital for strategy development and its effective and efficient implementation.
  • In order to streamline the NIS of a country, it is essential to establish a coordination mechanism between different ministries and departments of the government.
  • Member countries could develop short- to medium-term STI development plans.
  • Member countries could evolve and implement focused STI programmes as in the case of China, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Malaysia and Republic of Korea.
  • There is a need for continuous monitoring and evaluation of STI policies, programmes and schemes to make them effective and efficient. This would help countries revisit the policies and re-engineer them to address the current and meet the emerging challenges.
  • National STI policies should be primarily directed at meeting the emerging global challenges of inclusive and sustainable development such as those outlined in Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Rio+20.

Participants
Twenty two national and international resource persons from APCTT-ESCAP, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam shared their knowledge and experiences, while about 35 experts from various government agencies of the Philippines participated in the Workshop.

See Annex II for the list of participants.